Former Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak, a former air force officer who reigned over Egypt for 30 years before he was ousted in the Arab Spring uprisings, died on Tuesday, the country’s state television reported.
He passed away at a hospital following reports he had been taken to an intensive care unit following complications from a previous surgery. He was 91 years old.
Mubarak, who served as president from 1981 to 2011, played a major role in Egypt’s recent history, ushering in an era of relative prosperity and close political and military relations with the United States, but also a time of corruption and economic polarisation.
He was toppled in a popular uprising during the 2011 wave of protests across the Middle East and North Africa and jailed on corruption and human rights charges but later acquitted.
Despite the political repression under his rule, he was considered far more tolerant than Egypt’s current ruler, Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi, and allowed opposition political parties and news outlets.
Since his 2017 release from prison, he has led a fairly quiet life with his wife, Suzanne, and their two sons, Alaa and Gamal, who were both convicted on corruption charges but released after four years in prison.