Kigali (AFP) – Rwandans on Saturday celebrated the third-term victory of President Paul Kagame who pledged to continue transforming the nation after winning re-election with a record 98.63 percent of the vote.
There had been little doubt that the 59-year-old would return to the helm of the east African nation which he has ruled with an iron fist since the end of the 1994 genocide.
“I am very pleased. I had hoped for this victory,” said Yvette Uwineza, a 36-year-old computer scientist. “The continuity is reassuring,” she said, crediting Kagame with developing the country and creating “a better life for Rwandans.”
Interim results published by the electoral commission on Sunday showed Kagame outdid his previous wins of 95 percent in 2003 and 93 percent in 2010.
“It is clear from what we can see that his Excellency Paul Kagame has been elected with 98.63 (percent) which means he is the declared winner as far as the provisional results are concerned,” said the commission’s Charles Munyaneza.
The tally matched the proportion of people who supported a constitutional amendment two years ago permitting Kagame to run for a third, fourth and fifth term potentially seeing him rule until 2034.
“I honoured your request, and this (election) confirms that Rwandans made a choice based on the future they want,” Kagame told thousands of supporters at his ruling party’s headquarters in Kigali in the early hours of the morning.
“We are going to continue with the work we started by advocating for a better Rwanda.”
Turnout was 96.42 percent of 6.9 million voters.
Frank Habineza of the Democratic Green Party — the only permitted critical opposition party — won just 0.45 percent of votes, beaten into third place by the little-known independent candidate Philippe Mpayimana with 0.72.
Both accepted their loss and vowed to continue in politics.
“I am not going to stop here. I urge all citizens to join be so we can become stronger for the next election,” Mpayimana told AFP.
Visionary or despot?
Rwandan socio-economic indicators since 1990
Rwandans celebrated Kagame’s win in muted fashion, with no spontaneous large gatherings in the disciplined nation.
Inside a gymnasium in the capital music and dancers entertained hundreds of party loyalists who celebrated into the morning.
“We are celebrating the presidential election,” said one young man as he danced. “We are celebrating Paul Kagame!” another yelled out next to him.
Kagame has been the de facto leader of Rwanda since, as a 36-year-old, his rebel army routed extremist Hutu forces who slaughtered an estimated 800,000 people — mainly minority Tutsis — and seized Kigali in 1994.
He was first appointed president by lawmakers in 2000.
The lanky former guerilla fighter is one of Africa’s most divisive leaders, with some hailing him as a visionary while critics see a despot aiming to become one of the continent’s presidents-for-life.
Kagame is credited with a remarkable turnaround in the shattered nation, which boasts annual economic growth of about seven percent, is safe, clean and has little corruption. Rwanda also has the highest number of female lawmakers in the world.
However rights groups accuse Kagame of ruling through fear, relying on systematic repression of the opposition, free speech and the media.
Kagame’s critics have ended up jailed, forced into exile or assassinated. Few Rwandans would dare to openly speak against him.